The Theosophical society was founded in the United States by Madam HP Blavatsky and Colonel HS Olcott, who later came to India and founded the headquarters of the society at Adyar near Madras in 1886. The Theosophist movement soon grew in India as a result of the leadership given to it by Mrs Annie Besant who had came to India in 1893.
Theosophists advocated the revival and strengthening of the ancient religions like Hinduism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism. They recognized the doctrine of the transmigration of the soul. They also preached the universal brotherhood of man. As religious revivalists, the Theosophists were not very successful. But they mad a peculiar contribution to developments in Modern India.
It was a movement led by westerners who glorified Indian religious and philosophical traditions. This helped Indians recover their self-confidence, even though it tended to give them a sense of false pride in their past greatness.
One of, Theosophical Society, led by Annie Besant’s many Achievements in India was the establishment of the Central Hindu School at Benaras which was later developed by Madan Mohan Malaviya into the Benaras Hindu University.