Lala Lajpath Rai along with Madan Mohan Malavya founded the Nationalist Party
- Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe.
- High courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1865.
- Expanded Canal works, railways.
- Bhutan War in 1865
- Advocated State managed railways.
- Created the Indian Forests Department and reorganised the native judicial service.