Lala Lajpath Rai along with Madan Mohan Malavya founded the Nationalist Party
- In 1927 the British (Lord Birkenhead was the Secretary of State) decided to appoint a commission to recommend further constitutional reforms.
- The Indian protest was on the grounds that the commission headed by sir John Simon was an ‘all white’ commission.
- Lord Birkenhead constantly talked of the inability of Indians to arrive at any consensus and that the British didn’t find any one from among the Indians fit enough to serve in a body that would make recommendation about India’s political future.
- The Commission’s arrival in India led to a powerful protest movement in which nationalist enthusiasm and unity reached new heights.
- On 3rd February, the commissions was greeted with hartals and black flag demonstrations.
- They could not carry with on with their coalition partners because of conflicting ideas.