Rig Vedic Polity

  • The chief was the protector of the tribe or jana
  • However, he did not possess unlimited powers as he had to reckon with the tribal assemblies.
  • Sabha, Samiti, Vidhata and Gana were the tribal assemblies. Of these, Vidhata was the oldest. These assemblies exercised deliberative, military and religious functions.
  • The two most important assemblies were Sabha and Samiti. Samiti was general in nature and less exclusive than Sabha.
  • There were a few non-monarchical states (ganas), whose head was Ganapati or Jyestha.
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