Lala Lajpath Rai along with Madan Mohan Malavya founded the Nationalist Party
- Introduced financial decentralisation in India and made first Provincial settlement in 1870.
- He established the Rajkot College at Kathiawar and Mayo College at Ajmer for Indian princes.
- He organised the Statistical Survey of India.
- He established the Department of Agriculture and Commerce.
- He was the only viceroy to murdered in office by a convict in the Andamans in 1872.
- Introduction of State Railways.