Lord Lytton (1878-80)

  • The viceroy of reverse character
  • Most unpopular Governor-General
  • Pursued free trade and abolished duties on 29 British manufactured goods which accelerated drain of India.
  • Arranged the Grand Darbar in 1877 at Delhi when the country was suffering from a severe famine.
  • Passed the Royal Title Act (1876) and Queen Victoria was declared as the Kaiser-a-Hind.
  • Arms Act-1878 made it mandatory for Indians to acquire license for arms.
  • Passed the infamous Vernacular Press Act 1878.
  • Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in 1878-79 and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years.
  • The second Afghan war which proved a failure.
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