Lord Canning (1856-62)

  • The last Governor General and the first Viceroy.
  • Revolt of 1857
  • Passed the Act of 1858, which ended the rule of the East India Company.
  • Withdrew Doctrine of lapse.
  • The Indian Councils Act of 1861 was passed, which proved to be a landmark in the constitutional history of India.
  • The Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn. The Indian Penal Code of Criminal Procedure (1859) was passed.
  • The Indian High Court Act (1861) was enacted.
  • Income Tax was introduced for the first time in 1858.
  • The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras founded in 1857.
  • The Indigo riots in Bengal.
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