Terminology

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  • 04

    Mar'19

    Constituent Assembly

    The Constituent Assembly, which had been elected for undivided India, held its first meeting on the 9th December, 1946. It was elected by indirected election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies (Lower House only). In June 1947, the delegations from the provinces of Sindh, East Bengal, Baluchistan, West Punjab and the North West Frontier Province formed the Constituent...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    National Flower

    Lotus- An aquatic perennial plant which is found on thick stems rising above the water, normally to a height of 150 cm. horizontally it spreads up to three meters. The leaves are approximately 60 cm in diameter and the showy flowers, 20 cm.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National bird

      Indian Peacock- A species of bird, resident breeder in India and Srilanka, it has a beautiful iridescent blue green plumage. The upper tail elongates in a big semicircle and is ornated with an eye at the end of each feather.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Animal

    Royal Bengal Tiger- A subspecies of tiger, generally found in the sunderbans delta region in India and Bangladesh.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Calendar

      Saka- the calendar was initiated in the era of the Saka King Shalivahana as a result of a victory against Vikramaditya of Ujjayini in 78 A.D. This calendar was adopted as national calendar by the Calendar Reform Committee in 22 march 1957.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Song

    Vande Mataram- “vande Mataram” or “Hail to the Mother(land)” was written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1876 The song was composed in Sanskrit. It was first sung during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Anthem

      Jana Gana Mana- “Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People…” is what the anthem mean. It has been written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was originally composed in Bengali. It was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly on 24th January 1950. It was first sung on 27th December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress.  

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Emblem of India

      Saranath Lion- adopted from the Buddhist Lion Capital of Asoka at Saranath. It has four lions on a circular abacus which is girded by four animals, lion, elephant, horse and the bull in north, east, and west direction respectively. It is adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950. The words Satyameva Jayate from Mudaka upanishad, meaning Truth Alone Triumphs, are...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    National Flag of India

      Tiranga- a horizontal tricolour of saffron at the top, green at the bottom, and white in the middle with a navy blue coloured wheel, Ashoka Chakra, having twenty four spokes. The design of the National Flag was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22nd July 1947. The Flag Code of India, 2002, has taken effect from 26th January, 2002, and supersedes the Flag Code Indians...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Indian Independence Act of 1947

      The responsibility of the British Government and Parliament for administration of India having ceased, the office of the Secretary of State for India was abolished. It established responsible government at both the centre and the provices. The title of Emperor of India assumed by the British Kings was abolished. It assigned dual functions i.e. Constitutional and Legislative to the...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Government of India Act 1939

      The Act provided of establishing a federal government consisting of provinces and princely states as units. The administrative subjects were divided into the federal List, the provincial list and the concurrent list. The Act abolished Dyarchy in the provinces and introduced provincial autonomy in its place. It introduced responsible government at the Provinces. The Act provided...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Government of India Act, 1919

      Dyarchy at the provinces was established. Under this, the subjects of administration were to be divided into two categories- Central and Provincial. The provincial subjects ere sub-divided into ‘transferred’ and ‘reserved’ subjects. There was a relaxation of the central control over the provinces not only in administrative but also in legislative and financial matters. The...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Indian Council Act 1909

        The number of members of the Legislative Council at the centre was increased to sixty. The number of members of the Provincial legislatures was also increased. At the centre, the majority was of the official members but in provinces, the non-official members were kept in the majority. However, the majority was not those of the elected members because the non-official members...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Indian Councils Act of 1892

        The number of additional members in the Governor- General’s Council was increased. Additional members in provincial legislative assembly was also increased. In addition to their legislative functions, the councils were now allowed to hold a discussion on the annual financial statement with the certain conditions and restrictions. The members of the Legislative Council...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Indian Councils Act of 1861

      For the first time the Act introduces the representative institutions in India. It enabled the Governor- General to associate representatives of the Indian people with the work of legislation by nominating them to his expanded council. The act also decentralized the legislative powers of the Governor- General’s Council and vested them in the Governments of Bombay and Madras. It...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Government of India Aci 1858

      The Act transferred the government, territories and revenues of India from the East India Company to be to the British Crown. Board of directors and Board of control were abolished. All there rights were handed over to the Secretary of State for India who was a member of the British Parliament and the Cabinet. The secretary of state for India was to be assisted by a council called...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Charter Act of 1853

      This Act seperated for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor- General’s Council. The system of competitive examination was introduced for the civil service examination. The British parliament was empowered to give the administration of India to the British Crown at any time of its choice. Six additional members were appointed to the Executive...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Charter Act of 1833

      The first faint beginning of Constitution making during the British rule in India is to be found in this Act. It made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor general of India. All civil and military powers were vested in him. The Governor- General’s Government was known as the “Government of India” and his Council as the “Indian Council”. The Act introduced...

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Pitt’s India Act of 1784

      It placed the Indian affairs under direct control of the British Government. For political matters the British Government appointed a Board of Control of six members. The members of the Governor General’s Council was reduced to three instead of four members. The company was asked to follow the policy fo non-intervention.

  • 26

    Feb'19

    Regulating Act of 1773

     This Act was the first step in the direction of the consolidation of British rule and centralization fo administration in India.  The Governor General of Bengal was made the Governor General of the company in India and the Governors of Madras and Bombay were subordinated to him.  A Supreme Court, independent of the Governor General and the council, was created at Calcutta.  A...

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