Terminology

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  • 16

    Apr'19

    Election of the Indian President

    Article 54: The President of India is elected by an Electoral College and the Electoral College consists of the elected members of the two Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states. In this context, the term ‘state’ includes the national capital territory of Delhi and the Union territory of Pondicherry also. Article 55: this article of the constitution provides that,...

  • 24

    Mar'19

    Indian President’s term of Office

    The Indian President holds office for a term of five years. However he can resign from his office at any time by addressing the resignation letter to the Vice President of India. Any resignation addressed to the Vice President shall forthwith be communicated by him to the speaker of Loksabha. Impeachment of Indian President The Indian President can also be removed by impeachment for...

  • 16

    Mar'19

    Parliament of India

    The parliament is the supreme legislative body of a country. Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses- Loksabha (house of the people) and Rajya sabha (council of states). The president has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Loksabha.

  • 16

    Mar'19

    Parliamentary system Government in India

    President as Head of State and the National Executive: President of India is the head of State. He is chief executive of India. However, he is only a nominal executive. All the powers are exercised in his name. A nominal executive is one in whose name powers are exercised. He himself dons not exercise these. President of India is the Nomianl Executive. Theoretically, the Prime Minister and all...

  • 16

    Mar'19

    Fundamental Duties

    The fundamental Duties of citizens were added by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. The ten Fundamental Duties which are given in Article 51A of the Constitution can be classified as either duties towards self, duties concerning the environment, duties towards the State and duties towards the nation. The 11th Fundamental Duty, which states that every citizen ‘who is a parent or guardian, to...

  • 16

    Mar'19

    Differences between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy

    Fundamental rights Even the Government cannot take away or abridge these rights. These are enforceable in law courts The Government can not take policy decisions on these rights. These rights strengthen political democracy. These are natural rights. Directive Principles These are mere instructions to the Government These are not enforceable in any court. The government has...

  • 16

    Mar'19

    Directive Principles of State Policy

    On the basis of their nature Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) can be classified into three class: Socialistic/ welfare principles Article 38: state to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people. Article 39: the state shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing. The citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Fundamental rights of Indian people

    The Fundamental rights are defined as the basic human rights of all citizens. These rights, defined in Part III of the constitution, apply irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed or gender. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions. Article 13: Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights All laws in force in the territory...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Singhvi Committee Report

    The government of India had appointed a high level committee on Indian diaspora under the Chairmanship of L.M Singhvi which recommended in its report to grant overseas Indian citizenship to the people of Indian origin. Based on its recommendations, the Government of India made provisions for overseas citizenship of India (OCI) commonly known as dual citizenship to the people of Indian origin by...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Citizenship Amendment Act, 2005

    The Citizenship Amendment Act, 2005 was passed by the Parliament to make provisions for dual citizenship by amending the Citizenship Act, 1955. The citizenship Amendment Act, 2005, is to bestow eligibility for registration as overseas citizens of India (OCI) on persons of Indian origin, who or whose parents/ grandparents have migrated from India after January 26, 1950 or belonged to a...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    People of Indian Origin

    The Government of India launched a comprehensive scheme for the persons of Indian Origin, called the PIP card scheme. Under this scheme, persons of Indian origin up to the fourth generation, settled throughout the world, are eligible to have this card. The scheme came into effect on September 17, 2007. The card holders can visit India without any visa for life long. The card is to be valid...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Citizenship

      The citizenship Act of 1955 prescribes the modes of acquisition of citizenship as: Citizenship by birth: every person born in India on or after 26th january 1950 shall be a citizen of India by birth. Citizenship by dissent: a person born outside India on or after 26th january 1950 shall be the citizen of india by dissent if his father is a citizen of India at the time of person’s...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    State Reorganisation Commissions

        Dhar commission, under Justice S.K.Dhar was appointed in 1948 by the government of India to look into the question of linguistic reorganisation of India. In its report Dhar commission rejected the idea of linguistic reorganisation of States. In december 1948, the J.V.P Commission (Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Pattabhi Sitaramaya) was appointed by the government to look into...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Reorganisation of States in India

        At the time of Independence, India was divided into the British India provinces and Indian princely states. India Independence Act, 1947 provided the Dominion of India and Pakistan and ended the British paramountcy over the princely states and they were allowed to choose anyone of the dominions. There were many princely states from which a few joined Pakistan and a large...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    The Union and its Territory

      India ie, Bharat is a union of states. It is a Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system government. The Republic is governed in terms of the constitution of India which has adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949 and came into force on 26th January 1950. The Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government which is federal in...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Sources of Indian Constitution

    The constitution of India has drawn extensively from the western legal traditions in its enunciation of the principles of liberal democracy. It has adopted following features from other constitutions. British constitution Parliamentary form of government The idea of single citizenship The idea of the Rule of law Institution of Speaker and his role Lawmaking procedure Procedure,...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Committees under the Constituent Assembly

      Committee on Rules of procedure- Rajendra Prasad Steering committee- Rajendra Prasad. Finance and Staff Committee- Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Credential Committee- Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer. House committee- B.Pattabhi Sitaramayya. Order of Business Committee- K.M Munshi. Ad hoc Committee on the National Flag- Rajendra Prasad Committee on the Functions of the Constituent...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Members of Constituent Assembly

        sachidananda Sinha was the first President (chairman of the Assembly) of the Constituent Assembly when it met on December 9, 1946. RajendraPrasad became the President of the Constituent Assembly, and later became the first President of India. The Vice President of the Constituent Assembly was Professor Harendra Coomar Mookherjee, former Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    Constituent Assembly

    The Constituent Assembly, which had been elected for undivided India, held its first meeting on the 9th December, 1946. It was elected by indirected election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies (Lower House only). In June 1947, the delegations from the provinces of Sindh, East Bengal, Baluchistan, West Punjab and the North West Frontier Province formed the Constituent...

  • 04

    Mar'19

    National Flower

    Lotus- An aquatic perennial plant which is found on thick stems rising above the water, normally to a height of 150 cm. horizontally it spreads up to three meters. The leaves are approximately 60 cm in diameter and the showy flowers, 20 cm.

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