Sources of Indian Constitution

The constitution of India has drawn extensively from the western legal traditions in its enunciation of the principles of liberal democracy. It has adopted following features from other constitutions.

British constitution

  • Parliamentary form of government
  • The idea of single citizenship
  • The idea of the Rule of law
  • Institution of Speaker and his role
  • Lawmaking procedure
  • Procedure, established by law

United States constitution

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights, which is similar to the United States Bill of Rights.
  • Federal structure of government
  • Power of Judicial Review and independence of the judiciary
  • President as supreme commander of armed forces
  • Due process of law

Irish constitution

  • Constitutional enunciation of the directive principles of state policy

French constitution

  • Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

Canadian constitution

  • A quasi-federal form of government (a federal system with a strong central government).
  • The idea of residual powers.

Australian constitution

  • Freedom of trade and commerce within the country and betwenn the states.
  • Power of the national legislature to make laws for implementing treaties, even on matters outside normal Federal Jurisdiction.

Malaysian constitution

  • The idea of concurrent list

Japan constitution

  • Fundamental duties

Weimer constitution

  • Emergency provision under article 356
April 10, 2019

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