Who established Arya Samaj? What was its goal?

Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 in Bombay. The main goal of Arya Samaj was:

  • It stood for the four-fold varna system determined by merit and not by birth.
  • Opposed untouchablility, cast discrimination, child marriage etc.
  • Stood for equal rights for both men and women in social and educational matters.
  • Accepted the authority of Vedas but sanctioned by rationalism and utilitarianism.
  • Preached fatherhood of God and brotherhood of man, equality of sex, love and charity towards all.

The Samaj established Anglo-Vedic schools and colleges and Gurukul Pathsala at Haridwar. The Samaj started the Shuddhi movement to convert non-Hindus to Hinduism. The became a contributing factor in the growth of Communalism in India in the 2oth century.

May 5, 2016

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