Election of the Indian President
- Article 54: The President of India is elected by
an Electoral College and the Electoral College consists of the elected members
of the two Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states. In
this context, the term ‘state’ includes the national capital territory of Delhi
and the Union territory of Pondicherry also.
- Article 55: this article of the constitution
provides that, as far as practicable, there shall be uniformity in the scale of
representation of the different states at the election of the President. The
president’s election is held in accordance with a system of proportional
representation by means of a single transferable vote and the voting takes
place by secret ballot.
- Article 58 of the Constitution, a person to be
eligible for the election of the president should fulfill the following
conditions- the person willing for the President’s election should be an Indian
citizen. He should have completed the age of thirty five years. He should be
qualified for election as a member of the House of the People i.e. the
loksabha. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union Government or
any state government or any local or other authority.
- But article 59 of the Constitution lays down a
few more conditions of the President’s office.
- The President should not be a member of any
house of Union or State legislature.
- He should not hold any office of profit.
- He is entitled to the free use of his official
residences; such emoluments, allowances and privileges are determined by
Parliament by law.
- During the President’s term of office his
emoluments and allowances shall not be diminished.