Election of the Indian President

  • Article 54: The President of India is elected by an Electoral College and the Electoral College consists of the elected members of the two Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states. In this context, the term ‘state’ includes the national capital territory of Delhi and the Union territory of Pondicherry also.
  • Article 55: this article of the constitution provides that, as far as practicable, there shall be uniformity in the scale of representation of the different states at the election of the President. The president’s election is held in accordance with a system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote and the voting takes place by secret ballot.
  • Article 58 of the Constitution, a person to be eligible for the election of the president should fulfill the following conditions- the person willing for the President’s election should be an Indian citizen. He should have completed the age of thirty five years. He should be qualified for election as a member of the House of the People i.e. the loksabha. He should not hold any office of profit under the Union Government or any state government or any local or other authority.
  • But article 59 of the Constitution lays down a few more conditions of the President’s office.
  • The President should not be a member of any house of Union or State legislature.
  • He should not hold any office of profit.
  • He is entitled to the free use of his official residences; such emoluments, allowances and privileges are determined by Parliament by law.
  • During the President’s term of office his emoluments and allowances shall not be diminished.

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