The ethnic ties were a basic feature of the tribal rebellions. The rebels saw themselves not as a discrete class but as having a tribal identity. Fellow tribals were never attacked unless they had collaborated with the enemy.
The rebellions normally began at a point where to tribals felt so oppressed that they felt they had no alternative but to fight. This often took the poem of Spontaneous attack on outsiders, looting their propheaty and expelling them form their villages. Often religious and charismatic leaders emerged at this stage and promised divine intervention and an end to their suffering at the hands of outsiders and asked their fellow tribals to rise and rebel against the foreign authority. The warfare between the tribal rebels and the British armed forces was totally unequal.