Directive Principles of State Policy

On the basis of their nature Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) can be classified into three class:

Socialistic/ welfare principles

  • Article 38: state to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
  • Article 39: the state shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing.
  • The citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood
  • The ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to sub serve the common good
  • The operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment
  • These is equal pay for equal work for both men and women
  • The health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength
  • To protection of children and youth against the exploitation.
  • Article 41: right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
  • Article 42: provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.
  • Article 43: living wages and proper conditions of work to all the workers.

Gandhian Principles

  • Article 40: organization of village panchayats.
  • Article 46: promotion of education and economic interests of SC’s, ST’s and other weaker sections.
  • Article 47: duty of State to raise the level of nutrition and the standards of living and to improve public health by prohibiting the consumption of intoxicating drinks which are injurious to health.
  • Article 48: organization of agriculture and animal husbandry on scientific lines.
  • Article 49: protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.

Liberal- Intellectual Principles

  • Article 46: uniform civil code for the citizens.
  • Article 45: provision for free and compulsory education for children below 14 years.
  • Article 50: separation of judiciary from executive.
  • Article 51: promotion of international peace and security.

DPSP added by Amendments

Articles added by 42nd Amendment are

  • Article 39A: equal justice and free legal aid to the poor.
  • Article 43A: participation of workers in management of industries
  • Article 48A: protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wildlife.
  • Article 39: creation of opportunities for developments of children.

By other Amendments

  • Article 31C: inserted into the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 25th Amendment Act 1971 seeks to upgrade the DPSPs. If laws are made to give effect to the Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights, they shall not be invalid on the grounds that they take away the Fundamental Rights.
  • Article 45: which ensures Provision for free and compulsory education for children, was added by the 86th Amendment Act, 2002.
April 10, 2019

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