Article 54: The President of India is elected by an Electoral College and...
Important Battles in Indian History
1707: Battle of Khed. Tara Bai defeated by Shahu.
1739: Battle of Karnal. The Mughal army defeated by Nadir Shah.
1740: Battle of Gharia. Fought between Sarfaraz Khan, Nawab of Bengal and Alivardi Khan was killed.
1746-48: First Carnatic war. Fought between French and British forces. Madras was captured by French but returned to the English by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chappalle. It is famous for the battle of St.Thome, in which a small French army defeated the Nawab’s large force.
1749-54: Second Carnatic War. Initially the French under Dupleix had some successes but at last the English got a hold.
1758-63: Third Carnatic War. French captured Fort St David in 1758, but suffered badly at Wandiwash (1760).
1757: Battle of Plassey. The English forces under Robert Clive defeated the army of Siraj-ud-daula.
1761: Third battle of Panipat. Marathas were defeated by Ahmad Shah Abdali.
1746: Battle of Buxar, the English under Munro defeated Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal, Shuja-ud-daula, Nawab of Avadh and Shah Alam II, the Mughal emperor.
1767-69: First Anglo-Mysore war. Contested between Haider Ali and the British.
1770: Battle of Udgir. The Nizam was defeated by the Marathas.
1775: Battle of Sindkhed between the Marathas and the Nizam. The Nizam was forced to surrender some territories.
1752-82: First Anglo- Maratha war. The British army was defeated. The humiliating convention of Wadgoan (1779) concluded. Peace was at last restored by the Treaty of Salbai (1782).
1780-84: Second Anglo-Mysore war. Haider Ali died in the battle (1782) and the field was taken by his son Tipu Sultan. The war was concluded by the Treaty of Manglore (1784).
1789-92: Third Anglo-Mysore war. Tipu Sultan was defeated (1792). The war came to a close with the Treaty of Seringapatam.
1799: Fourth Anglo-Mysore war. Tipu died fighting.
1803-06: Second Anglo-Maratha War. The Marathas were defeated by the British.
1814-16: Nepalese war. Between the English and Gurkhas. The war came to an end with the Treaty of Sagauli.
1817-19: Third Anglo-Maratha war. The Marathas were badly defeated by the British.
1824-26: First Anglo-Burmese war. The British defeated the Burmese. Peace was restored by the Treaty of Yandahboo.
1839-42: First Anglo-Afghan War. The Afghan ruler Dost Muhammad was defeated by the English.
1845-46: First Anglo-Sikh war. The Sikhs were defeated by the English. The war was ended by the Treaty of Lahore.
1848-49: Second Anglo-Sikh war. Sikhs were defeated and Punjab was annexed by the British.
1852: Second Anglo-Burmese War. The English was successful.
1865: Third Anglo-Burmese war. The English annexed Burma.
1878-80: Second Anglo-Afghan war. The English suffered losses.
1919-21: Third Anglo-Afghan war. The English though victorious did not benefit from the war.