Bring out the similarities and differences between Gandhi and Nehru?

Gandhi and Nehru were two greatest leaders of Indian National Movement. Both of them supported non-violent methods and had great respect for women. They relentlessly worked for peasant upliftment, abolishment of Zamindari and anti colonisation. They were staunchly opposed to the idea of partition.

Both the leaders were close to common people and enjoyed massive public support.

Yet, there were certain subtle differences between them. Nehru rigorously opposed and criticised the withdrawal of non-cooperation movement/ Civil Disobedience Movement, as he believed that the masses were ready for struggle. Nehru also disapproved of Gandhiji digression to Harijan movement, because the former believed that no other goal was as important as India’s independence. In the sphere of education Gandhiji emphasized on primary education and learning by doing whereas Nehru emphasized upon higher education. In the sphere of economy, Gandhiji believed in trusteeship, while Nehru was inspired by socialism. Gandhiji favoured decentralisation and minimal power in the hands of the state, but Nehru wished for a strong and centralised state.

Despite these differences, they were great leaders, visionaries and statesman.

Gandhi’s participation opened a new chapter in India’s freedom struggle, he led the nation to freedom and almost handed over the baton to Nehru, who successfully led independent India into a new era.

March 29, 2017

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